Biography of Washington Irving, Father of the American Short Story

Engraved portrait of Washington Irving in his study

PhotoQuest / Getty Images

Washington Irving (April 3, 1783–November 28, 1859) was a writer, essayist, historian, biographer, and diplomat most famous for the short stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow." These works were both a part of "The Sketch Book," the collection of short stories that won him international recognition. Washington Irving has been called the father of the American short story because of his early and unique contributions to the form.

Fast Facts: Washington Irving

  • Known For: Father of the American short story, biographer, historian, diplomat
  • Also Known As: Dietrich Knickerbocker, Jonathan Oldstyle, and Geoffrey Crayon
  • Born: April 3, 1783 in New York City
  • Parents: William Irving and Sarah Sanders
  • Died: November 28, 1859 in Tarrytown, New York
  • Education: Elementary school, law school
  • Published WorksA History of New York, The Sketch Book (including the stories Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow), Bracebridge Hall, The Alhambra, The Life of George Washington
  • Fiancée: Matilda Hoffmann
  • Notable Quote: "There is a certain relief in change, even though it be from bad to worse; as I have found in travelling in a stage-coach, that it is often a comfort to shift one's position and be bruised in a new place."

Early Life and Education

Washington Irving was born on April 3, 1783, in New York City. His father William was a Scottish-American merchant, and his mother Sarah Sanders was the daughter of an English clergyman. At the time of his birth, the American Revolution was just ending.

His parents were patriotic. His mother said upon the birth of her 11th child,
"[General] Washington's work is ended and the child shall be named after him." According to Irving biographer Mary Weatherspoon Bowden, "Irving maintained close ties with his family his entire life."

Washington Irving read a great deal as a boy, including "Robinson Crusoe," "Sinbad the Sailor," and "The World Displayed." His formal education consisted of elementary school until he was 16, where he performed without distinction.

Early Writing Career

Irving began writing when he was 19 as a journalist using the pseudonym Jonathan Oldstyle. As a reporter for his brother Peter’s newspaper The Morning Chronicle, he covered Aaron Burr’s treason trial.

Diedrich Knickerbocker (right) is Washington Irving's narrator in "A History of New York."
Diedrich Knickerbocker (right) is Washington Irving's narrator in "A History of New York.". Culture Club / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

当你报名了学习某门课程时并要开始学习时,你要确保自己已经将孩子安顿周全。学习和照顾孩子兼顾是人之常情。每天都有人做着这样的事。
It’s wall-to-wall pure pop heaven, crackling with originality and dark humor, teeming with action sequences so perfectly timed and executed you almost want to run out of the theater on the spot so you can call a friend and rave about it — but you wouldn’t dare leave your seat because you wouldn’t want to miss a frame of this brilliant, pulse-quickening gem.
In this case, the Lakers got a reasonable return for their top trade piece, prepared to give their young players like D'Angelo Russell and Brandon Ingram greater responsibilities down the stretch, and hunkered down for a tank that just might land UCLA star Lonzo Ball.
Canadians: I'm afraid that while you are here you will be repeatedly mistaken for Americans and blamed for all sorts of stuff you had nothing to do with. Unless you can think of a quick and simple way to distinguish yourselves at a glance – flower in lapel? Saddle shoes? Maple leaf eyepatch? – then you are just going to have to suck it up.
Gitanjali Rao是从10名参加决赛的选手们中被选出来的,他们花了三个月的时间与科学家们进行合作,来实现自己的想法。
mod风度+est→做事有风度→礼貌的,谦虚的

Engagement

protein
Everyone has both, but people tend to be most attached to their “best” identity — the one that offers the most social status or privileges. Successful professionals, for example, often define their identities primarily through their careers.
Despite the surge of private wealth in China, the country’s billionaires have not yet cracked the top ranks of global rich lists. Hurun estimates that Mr Wang, China’s richest man and head of the Wanda group, ranks 26th globally.

S%(Q1(LYA(ep)n
在中国北方分析出的这种病毒与1957年以前传播的病毒相似,因此,1957年以前出生的人一般都有了抵抗力,而在那年之后出生的儿童和年轻人由于没有预先的免疫力而缺乏抵抗力。1978年这种病毒在世界各地传播开来,其中包括美国。这种病主要发生在孩子们身上,因此,这次流感没被看成是真正的大流行。1977-78年的流感季节,还没有及时地生产出控制病毒的疫苗,但是,1978-79年的流感疫苗就包含了这种病毒的疫苗。
不要为WTO哭泣
“We weren’t looking to throw the bums out, as they might say about an election. We were just really impressed with a flood of new powertrains, ” says Drew Winter, WardsAuto World Editor-in-Chief. “What was great yesterday might be less impressive tomorrow because engine technology is changing so rapidly.”
iPhone推出一款更大屏幕iPhone手机的迫切性部分来自于亚洲市场——三星平板手机声势浩大地占领了这个市场。假设苹果和中国移动签订的协议包括上述即将推出的新品,那么新款iPhone推出时通常会出现的价格调整将使iPhone 5C对中国市场而言更为便宜且更具吸引力。而这对5C来说也是正确的方向——目前为止,苹果公司对该款产品的销售额颇为失望。或许关于5C重要的一点是,它不是5S,所以将来它可以在不对苹果旗舰产品价格造成压力的情况下进行打折。

Europe and Literary Acclaim

《钢铁侠3》(Iron Man 3)凭借12亿美元的票房总收入成为目前2013年最卖座影片。不过这还不足以令其主演小罗伯特·唐尼(Robert Downey Jr.)摘下我们票房收入最高演员的桂冠。今年,绰号“巨石强森”的德韦恩·约翰逊(Dwayne Johnson)凭借更加努力的工作,击败了唐尼。
Album of the year: "Chief," Eric Church
Italy, one of the eurozone’s weaker economies, received the most investment of any EU nation from Chinese companies. That was largely down to a $7.9bn deal between Pirelli and ChemChina. France was the number two country, receiving $3.6bn of investment through a string of big deals in the tourism and infrastructure sectors.
n. 蛋白质
We will improve the property rights protection system.
"We are quite interested in looking at China's efforts and experience in combating corruption. It's a problem we are faced with in South Africa, and one we are tackling with a lot of vigor.Recently, the South African government introduced new measures to combat corruption. This is interesting, because it was immediately after a visit by our minister for public services, who met with the minister here who is responsible for anti-corruption measures.So this is one of the examples of the usefulness of this interaction between our leadership and the leadership of the People's Republic of China."

Washington Irving in 1820
Washington Irving was in London when his artist-friend Charles Leslie painted this portrait of him in 1820. The New York Public Library / public domain

瑞士
排名:第三
今日,麦高恩在杂志Sunday Times Magazine上对性侵维权运动做出不雅评论,头一天布雷特·卡瓦诺法官刚在最高法院中宣誓就职,并于当天否认了性侵控告。
'It is absolutely perfect, absolutely pure externally and internally. It is almost a dream,' said Jean-Marc Lunel, senior international specialist of Christie's jewellery department.
对于俄罗斯这一前苏联(解体于1991年)的15个继任国之一,在2015年还能否稳坐世界大国的宝座,仍有讨论的余地。
警方周四表示,关于14岁少女Lecent Ross的枪击案,已逮捕两人。

Washington Irving and his literary friends at Sunnyside
This print imagines Washington Irving entertaining his literary contemporaries at Sunnyside. Library of Congress / public domain

No.5: What Made Phelps So Happy?
由施普林格自然集团出版的杂志《肿瘤生物学》上周宣布,调查显示,这107篇论文的同行评审过程存在问题,因此已被撤稿。
一份调查报告称,2014届中国大学毕业生的就业满意度为61%。
单词pandemic 联想记忆:

Other Writing

沃尔玛百货
担忧是围绕向下流动(downward mobility)和文化变迁,而愤怒是针对移民和冷漠的精英。
单词succumb 联想记忆:
Length of program: 13 to 15 months
我很高兴看到制造业的工作机会又重回美国市场,但我不认为它会像很多人期望的那样,产生原电池效应拯救经济。为什么?因为制造业中的很多工作机会都被机械化的自动生产取代了。蓝领阶层和基础职位的消失已经成了一个问题,而这个问题还将继续扩大。

ashington Irving's Sunnyside estate in Tarrytown New York
Washington Irving's beloved Sunnyside estate is now open to visitors. Eden, Janine and Jim / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

卡利南和瑞兹各提一只装着所有奖项结果信封的手提箱——也就是说,每个奖项都有两只信封。
来自40个国家和地区的2500名“选手”参加了本届机器人世界杯15个项目的比赛,它们种类繁多,有电脑控制的足球机器人,医疗组机器人,救援组机器人和会跳舞的机器人。
Morgan Stanley CEO James Gorman will do an about-face on the bank's 'lower risk' corporate strategy.

Later Years and Death

But Moonlight kept pace with it over the course of a marathon four-hour ceremony. Barry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraney won best adapted screenplay, while Mahershala Ali won best supporting actor — the first Oscar for a Muslim American actor.
Continued experimentation with wearables is important, but the near-term requires a conversation “about whether current wearables, driven by a combination of organic efforts and corporate tech efforts, are really adhering to customer needs and wants or if companies need to explore a different set of partnerships to push wearables beyond early adopters and into the mainstream,” Gilbert says.
But there's even more to be excited about: Magic Johnson is a well-connected and well-respected Hall of Famer who seems smart enough to delegate, new GM Rob Pelinka is a proven deal-maker with extensive ties throughout the league,

在香港最繁忙地带之一湾仔(Wan Chai)的中心,坐落着一幢30多层的写字楼。今年早些时候,这幢大楼的易手使其成为世界最贵楼市香港的第二贵地产项目。
Wishing you all the happiness of the holiday season.
But most overseas islands are sold as freehold properties.
camp(n 田野,营地),aign名词后缀-营地-备战的地方

Legacy

6.不是故事的结局不够好,而是我们对故事要求太多。

"He made short fiction popular; stripped the prose tale of its didactic elements and made it a literary form solely for entertainment; added richness of atmosphere and unity of tone; added definite locality and actual American scenery and people; brought a peculiar nicety of execution and patient workmanship; added humor and lightness of touch; was original; created characters who are always definite individuals; and endowed the short story with a style that is finished and beautiful."

投资者也关注到了本田的这一困境。尽管在席卷全球的金融危机中,本田是全球少数几家能独善其身、避免严重亏损的汽车厂商之一,但在过去几年中,其普通股股价下跌了17.2%,而同期日经225指数却上涨了7.4%,丰田汽车的股价也上涨了19.5%。

Sources